Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Biography, wiki, Age, Height, Profession and more

Biography of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Who is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel?

Who does not know Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who devoted his whole life to liberate slave India? He was the first Home Minister of independent India and the great freedom fighter of India. And also as Deputy Prime Minister of independent India, he merged hundreds of princely states with the Indian Union.


Personal Information

Name Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
BirthDay 31 October 1875
Age 75
Death 15 December 1950
Birth Place Nadiad, Bombay Presidency, British India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Politician
Citizenship India
Parent's Jhaverbhai Patel and Ladba
Political Party Indian National Congress

Let us tell you that due to his incredible and amazing diplomatic skills and policy perseverance, he was also named 'Iron Man'.

Today, we will tell you in this article about the struggle related to the life of the great Indian Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the important things of his life, his significant contribution, and his achievements in the independence of India, which is as follows.

Birth and early life of Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, into a zamindar family. He was the fourth son of his father Jhaverbhai Patel and his mother Ladbai. His father was a farmer, while his mother was a spiritual and pious woman. Let me tell you that he had three elder brothers Narasibhai, Vittalbhai, and Somabhai Patel, and a sister named Dahiba Patel.

Marriage of Vallabhbhai Patel

Under the practice of child marriage, Vallabhbhai Patel was also married at the age of 16 to a girl named Jhaverba in the year 1891. From whom he received two children named Dahyabhai and Maniben Patel.

Hearing of the news of wife's death also continued in court:

Vallabhbhai Patel's wife Jhaverba could not stay with him for a long time due to suffering from cancer, Jhaveraba left the world in 1909 and left Vallabhbhai Patel.

When the news of Jhaverba's death came to Vallabhbhai Patel, he was busy in some of his court proceedings, and he continued his proceedings even after hearing this news and he won the case, after which he died his wife. Gave the news to everyone and after this, he spent his entire life with his children.

Vallabhbhai Patel's education and advocacy begin

Vallabhai Patel did her early education in a Gujarati medium school, after which she took admission in English Medium School. It took him a long time to complete his schooling. In the year 1897, at the age of 22, he passed his 10th examination.

Due to poor family conditions, instead of going to college, he studied at home by borrowing books, at the same time, he also prepared for the District Magistrate's examination at home, whereas Sardar Patel was so promising to read That he had scored the highest marks in this examination.

After this, in the year 1910, he went to England to pursue a law degree. He had no experience of going to college, but he was so fast of wisdom that he completed the 36-month law course in just 30 months, thus in 1913 Vallabhbhai Patel got his law from the Ins of Court. He completed his studies, and during this time he topped his college by getting universal marks.

He then returned to India and started his law practice in Godhra, Gujarat. At the same time, seeing his proficient in law, the British government also offered to appoint him to many big positions, but Vallabhbhai Patel did not accept any proposal of the British government, because he did not like the British laws at all and he Strongly opposed, he rejected the offer to work with the British.

When Vallabhbhai Patel was influenced by Gandhian ideas:

After this, he started working as a successful barrister in Ahmedabad and also became a member of the Gujarat Club, during which he attended a lecture by Mahatma Gandhi, after which he was greatly influenced by Gandhiji's ideas. , And after this, he decided to become an ardent follower of the charismatic leader Gandhiji, and thus he started following Gandhian principles and then slowly became a part of politics.

The political career of Vallabhbhai Patel

Inspired by the influential ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, the great independence of India, Vallabhbhai Patel raised his voice against untouchability, casteism, atrocities against women and made a lot of efforts to remove social evil.

With this, he decided to participate in the freedom movement of India, adopting the Gandhian ideology.

Vallabhbhai Patel's role in Kheda struggle

Impressed by the powerful ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel played an important role in the Kheda movement in the year 1917, when the Kheda area of ​​Gujarat was in the grip of a severe drought, the farmers were not able to pay taxes imposed by the British. Due to this, the farmers demanded the British government to give tax relief.

But when this proposal of the farmers was rejected by the British, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel led a 'No Tax Campaign' on a large scale, and encouraged the farmers not to pay taxes to the British.

At the same time, after this struggle, the British government was forced to succumb to the persistence of Vallabhbhai Patel, and the farmers had to give relief in tax. At the same time, this was the first success by Vallabhbhai Patel in the independence movement.

Vallabhbhai Patel gave support to all the movements of Gandhiji including the non-cooperation movement

Vallabhbhai Patel was so impressed with Gandhiji's ideas that in the non-cooperation movement in the year 1920, he adopted indigenous Khadi items and lit Holi of foreign clothes.

Apart from this, Vallabhbhai Patel supported Gandhi Ji in all the movements including the peaceful nationwide movement like Swaraj Movement, Quit India Movement, Dandi Yatra.

How did you get the title of 'Sardar'

Patel, who impressed the people with his speech power, inspired people with his great ideas during the Bardoli Satyagraha waged against the Simon Commission in 1928, due to which people agreed to not pay taxes increased by the British government. And the British Viceroy had to be defeated.

At the same time, Vallabhbhai Patel became famous among the people for taking strong leadership of this movement and the people of Bardoli started calling him Sardar, thus later Sardar started joining in front of his name.

The journey from the president of the corporation to become the first home minister of the country

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's fame was steadily increasing, which is why he won the Corporation elections in Ahmedabad continuously, let me tell you that in the years 1922, 1924, and 1927, he was elected as the President of the Corporation of Ahmedabad. went.

At the same time in 1931, Vallabhbhai Patel was made the chairman of the welcome committee of the 36th Ahmedabad session of the Congress and was appointed as the first chairman of the Congress Committee of Gujarat Pradesh, after which he remained the president of the Congress of Gujarat till 1945.

However, during this time he also had to go to jail several times. After India's independence, he became the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India. Although Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's fame had spread so much that he was the first contender for the post of Prime Minister, because of Gandhiji he kept himself away from this race and Jawaharlal Nehru was made the first Prime Minister of the country.

Sardar Patel played an important role in integrating the princely states:

After becoming the Home Minister of independent India, he first organized the kings of different princely states of India using his political foresight and intelligence and made the kings of 565 princely states of the Indian Union realize that it was not possible to dream of a separate kingdom.

After which, all the states agreed to merge in India but the Nawabs of Hyderabad, the Nizam of Junagadh, and Jammu and Kashmir refused to merge their princely states into India. After which Vallabhbhai Patel used the army on the strength of his acumen and intelligence to persuade the kings of these three kingdoms to merge their princely states into India.

In this way, Vallabhbhai Patel peacefully unified the Union of India without any fighting, whereas he was given the title of Iron Man for this great work.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and the partition of India:

The growing separatist movement led by Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah turned violent Hindu-Muslim riots just before independence. On which Sardar Patel believed that such violent and communal riots after independence.

In December 1946, he worked with VP Menon, a city worker, and then represented India on the Partition Council to resolve this problem, which would weaken the efficiency of the central government, which would prove disastrous to strengthen a democratic nation. did.

Death of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's health started deteriorating in the year 1950, while on 2 November 1950, his health deteriorated so much that he could not even get up from bed, after this, on 15 December 1950, he had a heart attack which led to this great soul. has expired.

Honor to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor, in 1991. At the same time, his birthday was declared as National Integration Day in the year 2014 on 31 October. Apart from this, on 31 October 1965, the postage stamp was also issued as a memorial to Sardar Patel by the Government of India. Not only this, many educational institutions, hospitals, and airports were named after him. 

Thoughts/statements of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

"Your goodness is a hindrance in your path, so let your eyes be red with anger and face injustice with strong hands."

"Even after attaining independence, if the smell of liberty continues, the fragrance of freedom cannot spread."

"You should know the art of bearing your insults."

"Faith is futile in the absence of power. Faith and power are both necessary to do any great work."

“Sanskriti is extinguished and composed on peace. If you have to die, then they will die of their sins. The work which is done with love and peace is not done with hatred. "

"Rights will keep a man blind until the man pays the price for acquiring that right."

"There is something unique in this soil, which has always been the abode of great souls despite many obstacles."

"When the people become one, then even brutal to cruel rule can not stand in front of them, so all the caste and caste discrimination should be forgotten."

"Everything in life doesn't happen in a day."

"Unbelief is the cause of fear."

"The dutiful person is always hopeful."

"The enemy's iron may get hot, but the hammer can work only by staying cool."

"Happiness and sorrow are born out of the mind and they are just paper shells."

"Leave laziness and don't sit idle because the worker at all times easily taps his senses."

"Service to the poor is service to God."